eUpdate Articles Tagged: wheat


Wheat planting date and seeding rate research in northwest Kansas

wheat yield potential seeding rate planting yield 

Which wheat varieties maximize fall forage production in Kansas?

wheat fall forage dual purpose 

Kansas wheat crop update - March 8, 2019

The 2018-2019 Kansas wheat crop is a study in contrast, with essentially two separate crops (Figure 1). About 50% of the Kansas wheat crop was planted in a timely manner and benefited from ample fall moisture. These fields are usually well developed and, with the ample profile moisture, likely have a high yield potential.

wheat crop progress 

Topdressing wheat with nitrogen: Timing, application methods, sources, and rates

In a normal year, producers would start planning for topdressing nitrogen (N) on the winter wheat crop in early February.

wheat topdress nitrogen 

First hollow stem update: March 25, 2019

wheat first hollow stem 

Wheat planting conditions: Late-September 2019

What are the current soil conditions across the wheat-growing regions of KS? What is the short-term weather outlook? Find out more here.

wheat planting weather 

KS Dallas: New hard red wheat variety from K-State

The Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station has released a new hard red winter wheat variety named KS Dallas. KS Dallas is adapted to western Kansas and other neighboring semi-arid regions.

wheat new variety 

Insect activity update - Alfalfa, soybeans, and wheat

Find out what insects are still buzzing around crop fields in Kansas in this article from K-State Extension Entomology.

wheat soybeans insects alfalfa 

Sharp decline in temperatures: Possible impacts on the Kansas wheat crop

Late October saw temperatures in Kansas drop quite dramatically. What impact did this sharp decline have on the Kansas wheat crop? Hear from our wheat specialist and weather experts in this article.

wheat cold 

Management adjustments when sowing wheat late

What management adjustments need to be made when wheat is planted late? Making the right adjustments now could help ensure good yields at harvest time.

wheat late planting 

Replanting decisions for winter wheat

As wheat growers evaluate their wheat stand, some may be considering replanting fields yet this fall. What factors should be considered when thinking about replanting?

wheat replanting 

Factors to consider in winter survival of wheat

Ideally wheat plants should have at least 1-2 tillers and 3-5 leaves, as well as a good crown root system development, when going into the winter. However, many Kansas wheat fields were sown relatively late this year, and have faced below-average temperatures, which slowed down crop development.

wheat winter hardiness winter survival cold tolerance dry soils 

Control of mustards in wheat - Timely treatment is important

Too often producers do not notice mustard weeds in their wheat fields until the mustards start to bloom in the spring. As a result, producers often do not think about control until that time. Minimize yield loss by getting control of these weeds by late winter or very early spring.

wheat mustards weed control 

Sulfur deficiency in wheat

In recent years, sulfur (S) deficiency in wheat has become common in many areas of Kansas, particularly in no-till wheat. Learn how to identify S deficiency and the appropriate management practices for your production system.

wheat sulfur deficiency 

Update on winter wheat growth and development in Kansas

Despite sowing this year's wheat on time, the amount of wheat emerged is below average. Reasons for the delayed emergence include below-average precipitation and temperatures during the fall. Producers can assess their wheat crop in a few different ways. Find out more in this article from Dr. Lollato, Wheat Specialist.

wheat winter survival development crop progress 

2020 K-State wheat variety fall forage yield comparison

Every year the K-State Wheat Production Group compares the forage yield of several commonly grown wheat varieties and upcoming lines. Fall forage yield is an important aspect of dual-purpose wheat production. Learn which varieties showed the greatest forage production potential.

wheat fall forage dual purpose 

Learn what to expect from a spring-emerged winter wheat crop

Some wheat fields in Kansas have had poor emergence or none at all. The potential consequences of the delayed progress of the Kansas wheat crop during October include greater exposure to winterkill, delayed crop cycle for grain filling under warmer conditions, and a lower yield potential due to decreased fall tillering. Can these fields still produce a good yield? Read more in this article.

wheat delayed emergence yield potential 

Possible consequences of icy conditions to the Kansas wheat and alfalfa crops

The weather during the period of December 16, 2019 to January 17, 2020 brought some much needed moisture to the Kansas wheat crop, with some areas seeing a considerable amount of ice and snow. What, if any, impact did these weather events have on the Kansas wheat and alfalfa crops?

wheat alfalfa winter survival ice 

Topdressing wheat with nitrogen: Timing, application methods, sources, and rates

Now is good time for wheat producers to start planning for topdress nitrogen applications, especially for wheat fields that emerged last fall. Learn about the key elements that need to be considered when deciding on the exact fertilizer program.

wheat topdress nitrogen 

Optimal time to remove cattle from wheat pastures: First hollow stem

Grazing termination is an important factor in determining wheat’s recovery potential and ability to produce grain following grazing. First hollow stem (FHS) is the optimal time to remove cattle from wheat pastures to protect grain yield potential.

wheat dual purpose grazing first hollow stem 

First hollow stem update: February 28, 2020

As wheat breaks dormancy, producers need to monitor its progression toward first hollow stem if they are grazing their wheat. Read more about assessing first hollow stem in wheat in this article from Dr. Romulo Lollato and his team.

wheat first hollow stem 

First hollow stem update: March 2, 2020

This report provides producers an update on the progress of first hollow stem (FHS) development in different wheat varieties. Identifying FHS is crucial if wheat is being grazed. These updates will run every week until all test varieties reach FHS.

wheat dual purpose first hollow stem 

Army cutworms in wheat, alfalfa, and winter canola

Significant populations of army cutworm larvae have been reported in Kansas. Producers should begin scouting their wheat, alfalfa, and winter canola fields. More information on scouting and treatment thresholds are in this article from Extension Entomology.

wheat alfalfa canola army cutworms 

First hollow stem update: March 11, 2020

The K-State Wheat team continues to monitor winter wheat plots for first hollow stem. Read the latest update on this critical growth stage in wheat. Are any varieties getting close as of the last measurement on March 11?

wheat first hollow stem 

Pay attention to growth stage for spring herbicide decisions on wheat

Producers should pay close attention to the growth stage of their wheat before making spring herbicide applications. Some herbicides must be applied after tillering, several must be applied before jointing, and others can be applied through boot stage.

wheat weed control 

First hollow stem update: March 18, 2020

Since the last measurement on March 11, several wheat varieties have reached first hollow stem. This article details which test varieties have progressed to this growth stage and why it's important.

wheat dual purpose first hollow stem 

Recommendations for topdressing wheat with sulfur

In recent years, sulfur deficiency in wheat has become common in many areas of Kansas, particularly in no-till wheat. Learn more about this nutrient deficiency and how to manage it in this article from our soil fertility specialist, Dr. Ruiz Diaz.

wheat sulfur topdress 

Chloride as a topdressing nutrient for wheat

Chloride is a very mobile nutrient in soils, especially those prone to leaching. Topdressing is a good application method for wheat. Recommendations for this management option are discussed in this article.

wheat topdress chloride 

Diagnosis of early spring freeze injury on wheat

Much of the wheat growing region of Kansas recently experienced a cold snap, with temperatures dropping well below freezing. There are a number of factors that determine freeze damage in wheat. Read more in this article.

wheat freeze injury 

Outlook for stripe rust in the 2020 Kansas wheat crop

As spring weather continues, disease management decisions will need to be made by Kansas wheat growers. K-State wheat pathologist, Dr. Erick DeWolf discusses the outlook for stripe rust in the 2020 Kansas wheat crop.

wheat disease outlook stripe rust 

First hollow stem update: March 26, 2020

As of March 26, all 28 wheat varieties had reached first hollow stem. Producers are advised to closely monitor their wheat pastures if they are being grazed. Read more in this article from the KSU Wheat group.

wheat dual purpose first hollow stem 

Army cutworm and pea aphid activity in wheat and alfalfa fields

There are reports of insect activity in wheat and alfalfa fields in parts of Kansas. Army cutworms have become more noticeable. Also, pea aphids are showing up in alfalfa fields.

wheat insects alfalfa army cutworms pea aphids 

What are the causes of yellow wheat?

A common question around this time of year deals with yellow discoloration in wheat. Learn about the different causes for yellow wheat in the spring.

wheat disease yellow wheat nutrient deficiency freeze injury 

UPDATE - Potential for spring freeze injury to wheat on April 3, 2020

Many areas of Kansas experienced freezing temperatures on April 3, 2020. How cold and for how long are both factors that help determine the potential for injury to wheat. Read about other factors in this article and what our specialists say about this latest cold snap.

wheat freeze injury 

Another round of cold weather brings a risk of freeze injury to Kansas wheat

Another round of very cold temperatures have put much of the Kansas wheat crop at risk for freeze injury. What portions of the state have the greatest potential for damage? What areas may have escaped with little impact?

wheat freeze injury 

Time to start scouting wheat for stripe and leaf rust

With more reports of stripe rust appearing in Oklahoma and a recent report of disease in southeast KS, the time to start scouting wheat fields is now. Photos and scouting tips are featured in this article from K-State Plant Pathologist Dr. Erick DeWolf.

wheat disease stripe rust leaf rust 

Preliminary wheat injury assessment from the April 13-17 freeze events in Kansas

Since some time has passed since the freeze events from mid-April, varying degrees of injury have appeared in Kansas wheat fields. Which regions were impacted the most and how severe does the damage appear at this time?

wheat freeze injury 

Options and management strategies for freeze-damaged wheat

Producers whose wheat crop has suffered severe freeze damage have some difficult decisions to make. This article discusses some options and management tips for freeze damaged wheat.

wheat freeze injury Re-cropping crop insurance 

Herbicide carryover considerations when re-cropping damaged wheat

Growers who decide to terminate their wheat crop because of poor stands or weather-related damage need to consider the persistence of herbicides applied to the wheat. Many wheat herbicides have fairly long crop rotation restrictions.

wheat label requirements Re-cropping herbicide carryover 

Evaluating the need for foliar fungicides on wheat

Leaf diseases in wheat are often managed by a combination of genetic resistance and crop rotation. However, foliar fungicides may be needed when these practices fail to suppress disease levels. What should producers consider before any treatment application?

wheat disease stripe rust foliar fungicides 

Drought stress taking its toll on Kansas wheat production in 2020

Wheat fields in various parts of Kansas are showing varying degrees of drought stress depending on the location. Read more about this emerging situation in this article from Romulo Lollato, K-State Wheat Specialist.

wheat Drought 

Updated wheat fungicide publication for 2020

The KSRE publication "Foliar Fungicide Efficacy for Wheat Disease Management" has been updated for 2020. Check out this valuable resource when deciding on a fungicide application to wheat.

wheat disease fungicide efficacy 

Wheat disease update for Kansas - May 15, 2020

Stripe rust has been reported in multiple locations across Kansas in recent weeks. More recently, it has been seen in the upper canopy. For a complete wheat disease update, see this article from Extension Plant Pathology.

wheat disease stripe rust loose smut wheat streak mosaic 

Make plans to attend the K-State Virtual Wheat Field Day, May 27-28

K-State Research and Extension will host a two-part wheat field day live on YouTube to update growers and others on the most recent crop advances and challenges while keeping producers safe from COVID-19. Learn more in this article!

wheat Field Day virtual 

Possible causes for white heads in wheat

White heads have been appearing in many wheat fields around Kansas. There are many causes of white heads. Here are some of the most common causes and their diagnosis.

wheat white heads 

Wheat disease update and fungicide considerations

Stripe rust continues to be the top disease story for Kansas wheat in 2020. Leaf rust has also made an appearance. What other diseases should you be looking for and are fungicides still an option? Find out more in this article.

wheat disease fungicide stripe rust leaf rust fusarium head blight 

K-State Virtual Wheat Field Day - May 27 and May 28

Don't miss the K-State Virtual Wheat Day! The event kicks off tonight at 7 p.m. and continues on May 28 at the same time. Details on how to join are in this article!

wheat virtual Wheat Field Day 

Pre-harvest weed control in wheat

Drought and late freezes have impacted wheat stands in many areas across Kansas this year. As a results, weeds are showing up and taking advantage of thin wheat stands. What are the best options for weed control at this point in the season?

wheat weed control herbicide carryover pre-harvest 

Double crop options after wheat

Double cropping after wheat harvest can be a high-risk venture. The most common double crop options are soybeans, sorghum, and sunflower. Other possibilities include summer annual forages and certain specialized crops.

wheat double crop 

Upcoming warm weather may slow down stripe rust spread

Stripe rust has continued to show up in Kansas, with additional observations made in western counties. Incidence does remain very low in many locations. Get a complete update on current conditions in this article.

wheat stripe rust 

Late-season wheat diseases: Be on the lookout for Fusarium head blight

Be on the lookout for some late-season diseases in wheat across Kansas. Get the latest wheat disease update from K-State Plant Pathology in this article.

wheat disease fusarium head blight head scab 

Effects of recent high temperatures on wheat

There have been some extremely high temperatures during the last week in Kansas. While this is not unusual for this time of year, the high temperatures have caught some of the wheat during the grain filling period. Read more from Wheat Specialist Romulo Lollato in this article.

wheat high temperatures 

Wheat harvest: Identifying disease problems and setting harvest priorities

As we begin harvest across the state, we wanted to provide some reminders about diseases that may affect either grain quality or the viability of grain that is destined to be saved for seed.

wheat harvest loose smut fusarium head blight seed quality 

Considerations when harvesting short wheat

In many areas of Kansas, prolonged drought has resulted in short wheat and thin stands. Harvesting wheat in these situations can be a challenge. Special attention needs to be given to cutting height, machine adjustments, and operator control.

wheat harvest short stands 

New study evaluated different herbicide programs for Palmer amaranth control in post-harvest wheat stubble

A field study was recently conducted that evaluated the performance of various herbicide programs for Palmer amaranth control in post-harvest wheat stubble. Learn more about the results of this research in this article from Weed Scientist, Dr. Vipan Kumar.

wheat weed control palmer amaranth post-harvest 

Considerations for weed control following wheat harvest

Post-harvest weed control in wheat stubble is very important to conserve soil moisture and prevent weeds from going to seed and adding to the weed seedbank. Weeds are likely to be growing quickly, especially where there are thin stands.

wheat weed control post-harvest 

Updated 2020 Wheat Variety Disease and Insect Rating publication

Variety selection is one of the most important decisions that a grower can make to ensure success on their farm. The Wheat Variety Disease and Insect Ratings 2020 publication, from K-State Research and Extension, has now been released for this year. Keep this resource handy when making planting decisions.

wheat insects disease variety selection 

Southeast Kansas 2020 wheat variety test results

The Kansas State University Crop Performance Tests were conducted in replicated research fields throughout the state.This report summarizes winter wheat production (hard-red and soft-red varieties) for Parsons, Kansas.

wheat yield forecast Performance Tests variety trials disease resistance 

Summary of the 2020 Kansas wheat growing season

From extreme drought and harsh spring freezes to an almost stress-free growing season; variability is the key word describing the 2020 winter wheat growing season in Kansas.

wheat growing season 

Planning your wheat fertility program: Start now by soil testing

Wheat producers are encouraged to utilize soil testing to aid in making accurate fertilizer decisions. Now is the time to get samples taken and submitted for analysis. Read more in this article from soil fertility specialist, Dorivar Ruiz Diaz.

wheat soil testing 

Make an informed decision when selecting the best wheat variety

Wheat producers are faced with an increasing number of varieties from which to choose. This article provides a step-by-step guideline, as well as relevant resources, to help producers make a better decision when selecting one or a few varieties to plant in their operation.

wheat yield potential variety selection disease resistance 

Soil fertility and wheat production: Profile nitrate levels and wheat yield

Last week, we discussed the importance of soil testing ahead of wheat planting. This article addresses the correlation between profile nitrate and wheat yield.

wheat profile nitrate residual nitrate soil fertility 

Pre-emergence herbicides for wheat

Pre-emergence herbicides with residual activity are an important component of high-yielding cropping systems. Residual herbicides applied prior to wheat emergence can be part of a good weed management system in wheat production.

wheat pre-plant herbicide residual herbicides 

2020 Kansas Performance Tests with Winter Wheat Varieties report available online

The 2020 Kansas Performance Tests with Winter Wheat Varieties report is now online. Producers and crop consultants can use this resource to help select wheat varieties by checking for varieties that show a consistently good performance in their region.

wheat Performance Tests  

In-furrow fertilizers for wheat

Wheat is considered a highly responsive crop to band-applied fertilizers, particularly phosphorus. Wheat plants typically show a significant increase in fall tillers and better root development with the use of starter fertilizer.

wheat starter fertilizer phosphorus in-furrow 

Planting wheat too early can lead to several problems

Early sowing of wheat can lead to several problems, from increased chances of insect- or mite-transmitted viral diseases to decreased emergence.Optimum wheat planting dates in Kansas depend on location within the state.

wheat planting optimum planting dates 

Wheat planting - Seed treatments are strongly encouraged this season

Seed treatments are strongly advised for wheat seed that is being saved from previous seasons. The 2020 harvest saw higher than normal levels of common bunt and loose smut in Kansas.

wheat fungicide seed treatment 

Wheat planting - Tips for good stand establishment

There are several steps that wheat producers can take to help improve their chances of achieving good wheat stands. Read more in this article from wheat specialist, Dr. Romulo Lollato.

wheat planting stand establishment 

Optimum sowing dates and seeding rates for wheat in Kansas

Planting wheat in the optimum planting date window and using the recommended seeding rates are two best management practices that help achieve the maximum yield potential.

wheat optimum planting dates seeding rates 

Seed drill calibration to improve wheat seed distribution

Proper drill calibration can increase the chances of success of the wheat crop. Learn how to calibrate your seed drill using the stationary method in this article.

wheat planting equipment calibration 

Evaluate wheat seed size to improve wheat seeding density and final stand

Learn the importance of evaluating wheat seed size to ensure the target seed density and optimum final stand.

wheat seeding density seed size 

K-State wheat specialists release informative videos on wheat production

A new resource is now available for Kansas wheat growers and other interested stakeholders. Check out the new KSU Wheat YouTube channel. This channel will feature informative videos on a wide range of wheat production topics.

wheat videos YouTube 

Considerations when planting wheat into dry soil

The lack of recent rainfall across portions of central and western KS has resulted in dry soil near the surface. For wheat that still needs planted, producers have a few options. Learn more about planting wheat into dry soils in this article.

wheat dry soils wheat planting 

Wheat planting conditions: Early October 2020

The dry pattern that dominated September has continued into October. Soils across the wheat growing region in Kansas are dry. Learn more about the current conditions in this article.

wheat planting conditions 

Replanting decisions for winter wheat

As wheat growers evaluate their wheat stand, some may be considering replanting their fields. There are several factors to consider before making a decision to replant. Read about these factors in this article from Extension Wheat Specialist Romolu Lollato.

wheat replanting poor emergence 

Management adjustments when sowing wheat late

While a large percentage of the 2021 Kansas wheat crop has been planted, there may still be fields waiting to be planted. Different management adjustments can be made to compensate for late planting.

wheat late planting 

Possible impacts of the recent cold temperatures to the Kansas wheat crop

The sharp drop in temperatures across Kansas observed in this past week could have different consequences to the wheat crop. Parts of Kansas saw temps fall as low as 0 degrees F. Which fields were the most vulnerable?

wheat freeze cold temperatures 

Factors to consider in winter survival of wheat

The official start of winter is still over a month away, but Kansas has already experienced winter-like weather this fall. This article discusses some of the factors to consider when evaluating the outlook for winter survival of wheat.

wheat winter hardiness winter survival 


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