The 2018-2019 Kansas wheat crop is a study in contrast, with essentially two separate crops (Figure 1). About 50% of the Kansas wheat crop was planted in a timely manner and benefited from ample fall moisture. These fields are usually well developed and, with the ample profile moisture, likely have a high yield potential.
In a normal year, producers would start planning for topdressing nitrogen (N) on the winter wheat crop in early February.
What are the current soil conditions across the wheat-growing regions of KS? What is the short-term weather outlook? Find out more here.
The Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station has released a new hard red winter wheat variety named KS Dallas. KS Dallas is adapted to western Kansas and other neighboring semi-arid regions.
Find out what insects are still buzzing around crop fields in Kansas in this article from K-State Extension Entomology.
Late October saw temperatures in Kansas drop quite dramatically. What impact did this sharp decline have on the Kansas wheat crop? Hear from our wheat specialist and weather experts in this article.
What management adjustments need to be made when wheat is planted late? Making the right adjustments now could help ensure good yields at harvest time.
As wheat growers evaluate their wheat stand, some may be considering replanting fields yet this fall. What factors should be considered when thinking about replanting?
Ideally wheat plants should have at least 1-2 tillers and 3-5 leaves, as well as a good crown root system development, when going into the winter. However, many Kansas wheat fields were sown relatively late this year, and have faced below-average temperatures, which slowed down crop development.
Too often producers do not notice mustard weeds in their wheat fields until the mustards start to bloom in the spring. As a result, producers often do not think about control until that time. Minimize yield loss by getting control of these weeds by late winter or very early spring.
In recent years, sulfur (S) deficiency in wheat has become common in many areas of Kansas, particularly in no-till wheat. Learn how to identify S deficiency and the appropriate management practices for your production system.
Despite sowing this year's wheat on time, the amount of wheat emerged is below average. Reasons for the delayed emergence include below-average precipitation and temperatures during the fall. Producers can assess their wheat crop in a few different ways. Find out more in this article from Dr. Lollato, Wheat Specialist.
Every year the K-State Wheat Production Group compares the forage yield of several commonly grown wheat varieties and upcoming lines. Fall forage yield is an important aspect of dual-purpose wheat production. Learn which varieties showed the greatest forage production potential.
Some wheat fields in Kansas have had poor emergence or none at all. The potential consequences of the delayed progress of the Kansas wheat crop during October include greater exposure to winterkill, delayed crop cycle for grain filling under warmer conditions, and a lower yield potential due to decreased fall tillering. Can these fields still produce a good yield? Read more in this article.
The weather during the period of December 16, 2019 to January 17, 2020 brought some much needed moisture to the Kansas wheat crop, with some areas seeing a considerable amount of ice and snow. What, if any, impact did these weather events have on the Kansas wheat and alfalfa crops?
Now is good time for wheat producers to start planning for topdress nitrogen applications, especially for wheat fields that emerged last fall. Learn about the key elements that need to be considered when deciding on the exact fertilizer program.
Grazing termination is an important factor in determining wheat’s recovery potential and ability to produce grain following grazing. First hollow stem (FHS) is the optimal time to remove cattle from wheat pastures to protect grain yield potential.
As wheat breaks dormancy, producers need to monitor its progression toward first hollow stem if they are grazing their wheat. Read more about assessing first hollow stem in wheat in this article from Dr. Romulo Lollato and his team.
This report provides producers an update on the progress of first hollow stem (FHS) development in different wheat varieties. Identifying FHS is crucial if wheat is being grazed. These updates will run every week until all test varieties reach FHS.
Significant populations of army cutworm larvae have been reported in Kansas. Producers should begin scouting their wheat, alfalfa, and winter canola fields. More information on scouting and treatment thresholds are in this article from Extension Entomology.
The K-State Wheat team continues to monitor winter wheat plots for first hollow stem. Read the latest update on this critical growth stage in wheat. Are any varieties getting close as of the last measurement on March 11?
Producers should pay close attention to the growth stage of their wheat before making spring herbicide applications. Some herbicides must be applied after tillering, several must be applied before jointing, and others can be applied through boot stage.
Since the last measurement on March 11, several wheat varieties have reached first hollow stem. This article details which test varieties have progressed to this growth stage and why it's important.
In recent years, sulfur deficiency in wheat has become common in many areas of Kansas, particularly in no-till wheat. Learn more about this nutrient deficiency and how to manage it in this article from our soil fertility specialist, Dr. Ruiz Diaz.
Chloride is a very mobile nutrient in soils, especially those prone to leaching. Topdressing is a good application method for wheat. Recommendations for this management option are discussed in this article.
Much of the wheat growing region of Kansas recently experienced a cold snap, with temperatures dropping well below freezing. There are a number of factors that determine freeze damage in wheat. Read more in this article.
As spring weather continues, disease management decisions will need to be made by Kansas wheat growers. K-State wheat pathologist, Dr. Erick DeWolf discusses the outlook for stripe rust in the 2020 Kansas wheat crop.
As of March 26, all 28 wheat varieties had reached first hollow stem. Producers are advised to closely monitor their wheat pastures if they are being grazed. Read more in this article from the KSU Wheat group.
There are reports of insect activity in wheat and alfalfa fields in parts of Kansas. Army cutworms have become more noticeable. Also, pea aphids are showing up in alfalfa fields.
A common question around this time of year deals with yellow discoloration in wheat. Learn about the different causes for yellow wheat in the spring.
Many areas of Kansas experienced freezing temperatures on April 3, 2020. How cold and for how long are both factors that help determine the potential for injury to wheat. Read about other factors in this article and what our specialists say about this latest cold snap.
Another round of very cold temperatures have put much of the Kansas wheat crop at risk for freeze injury. What portions of the state have the greatest potential for damage? What areas may have escaped with little impact?
With more reports of stripe rust appearing in Oklahoma and a recent report of disease in southeast KS, the time to start scouting wheat fields is now. Photos and scouting tips are featured in this article from K-State Plant Pathologist Dr. Erick DeWolf.
Since some time has passed since the freeze events from mid-April, varying degrees of injury have appeared in Kansas wheat fields. Which regions were impacted the most and how severe does the damage appear at this time?
Producers whose wheat crop has suffered severe freeze damage have some difficult decisions to make. This article discusses some options and management tips for freeze damaged wheat.
Growers who decide to terminate their wheat crop because of poor stands or weather-related damage need to consider the persistence of herbicides applied to the wheat. Many wheat herbicides have fairly long crop rotation restrictions.
Leaf diseases in wheat are often managed by a combination of genetic resistance and crop rotation. However, foliar fungicides may be needed when these practices fail to suppress disease levels. What should producers consider before any treatment application?
Wheat fields in various parts of Kansas are showing varying degrees of drought stress depending on the location. Read more about this emerging situation in this article from Romulo Lollato, K-State Wheat Specialist.
The KSRE publication "Foliar Fungicide Efficacy for Wheat Disease Management" has been updated for 2020. Check out this valuable resource when deciding on a fungicide application to wheat.
Stripe rust has been reported in multiple locations across Kansas in recent weeks. More recently, it has been seen in the upper canopy. For a complete wheat disease update, see this article from Extension Plant Pathology.
K-State Research and Extension will host a two-part wheat field day live on YouTube to update growers and others on the most recent crop advances and challenges while keeping producers safe from COVID-19. Learn more in this article!
White heads have been appearing in many wheat fields around Kansas. There are many causes of white heads. Here are some of the most common causes and their diagnosis.
Stripe rust continues to be the top disease story for Kansas wheat in 2020. Leaf rust has also made an appearance. What other diseases should you be looking for and are fungicides still an option? Find out more in this article.
Don't miss the K-State Virtual Wheat Day! The event kicks off tonight at 7 p.m. and continues on May 28 at the same time. Details on how to join are in this article!
Drought and late freezes have impacted wheat stands in many areas across Kansas this year. As a results, weeds are showing up and taking advantage of thin wheat stands. What are the best options for weed control at this point in the season?
Double cropping after wheat harvest can be a high-risk venture. The most common double crop options are soybeans, sorghum, and sunflower. Other possibilities include summer annual forages and certain specialized crops.
Stripe rust has continued to show up in Kansas, with additional observations made in western counties. Incidence does remain very low in many locations. Get a complete update on current conditions in this article.
Be on the lookout for some late-season diseases in wheat across Kansas. Get the latest wheat disease update from K-State Plant Pathology in this article.
There have been some extremely high temperatures during the last week in Kansas. While this is not unusual for this time of year, the high temperatures have caught some of the wheat during the grain filling period. Read more from Wheat Specialist Romulo Lollato in this article.
As we begin harvest across the state, we wanted to provide some reminders about diseases that may affect either grain quality or the viability of grain that is destined to be saved for seed.
In many areas of Kansas, prolonged drought has resulted in short wheat and thin stands. Harvesting wheat in these situations can be a challenge. Special attention needs to be given to cutting height, machine adjustments, and operator control.
A field study was recently conducted that evaluated the performance of various herbicide programs for Palmer amaranth control in post-harvest wheat stubble. Learn more about the results of this research in this article from Weed Scientist, Dr. Vipan Kumar.
Post-harvest weed control in wheat stubble is very important to conserve soil moisture and prevent weeds from going to seed and adding to the weed seedbank. Weeds are likely to be growing quickly, especially where there are thin stands.
Variety selection is one of the most important decisions that a grower can make to ensure success on their farm. The Wheat Variety Disease and Insect Ratings 2020 publication, from K-State Research and Extension, has now been released for this year. Keep this resource handy when making planting decisions.
The Kansas State University Crop Performance Tests were conducted in replicated research fields throughout the state.This report summarizes winter wheat production (hard-red and soft-red varieties) for Parsons, Kansas.
From extreme drought and harsh spring freezes to an almost stress-free growing season; variability is the key word describing the 2020 winter wheat growing season in Kansas.
Wheat producers are encouraged to utilize soil testing to aid in making accurate fertilizer decisions. Now is the time to get samples taken and submitted for analysis. Read more in this article from soil fertility specialist, Dorivar Ruiz Diaz.
Wheat producers are faced with an increasing number of varieties from which to choose. This article provides a step-by-step guideline, as well as relevant resources, to help producers make a better decision when selecting one or a few varieties to plant in their operation.
Last week, we discussed the importance of soil testing ahead of wheat planting. This article addresses the correlation between profile nitrate and wheat yield.
Pre-emergence herbicides with residual activity are an important component of high-yielding cropping systems. Residual herbicides applied prior to wheat emergence can be part of a good weed management system in wheat production.
The 2020 Kansas Performance Tests with Winter Wheat Varieties report is now online. Producers and crop consultants can use this resource to help select wheat varieties by checking for varieties that show a consistently good performance in their region.
Wheat is considered a highly responsive crop to band-applied fertilizers, particularly phosphorus. Wheat plants typically show a significant increase in fall tillers and better root development with the use of starter fertilizer.
Early sowing of wheat can lead to several problems, from increased chances of insect- or mite-transmitted viral diseases to decreased emergence.Optimum wheat planting dates in Kansas depend on location within the state.
Seed treatments are strongly advised for wheat seed that is being saved from previous seasons. The 2020 harvest saw higher than normal levels of common bunt and loose smut in Kansas.
There are several steps that wheat producers can take to help improve their chances of achieving good wheat stands. Read more in this article from wheat specialist, Dr. Romulo Lollato.
Planting wheat in the optimum planting date window and using the recommended seeding rates are two best management practices that help achieve the maximum yield potential.
Proper drill calibration can increase the chances of success of the wheat crop. Learn how to calibrate your seed drill using the stationary method in this article.
Learn the importance of evaluating wheat seed size to ensure the target seed density and optimum final stand.
A new resource is now available for Kansas wheat growers and other interested stakeholders. Check out the new KSU Wheat YouTube channel. This channel will feature informative videos on a wide range of wheat production topics.
The lack of recent rainfall across portions of central and western KS has resulted in dry soil near the surface. For wheat that still needs planted, producers have a few options. Learn more about planting wheat into dry soils in this article.
The dry pattern that dominated September has continued into October. Soils across the wheat growing region in Kansas are dry. Learn more about the current conditions in this article.
As wheat growers evaluate their wheat stand, some may be considering replanting their fields. There are several factors to consider before making a decision to replant. Read about these factors in this article from Extension Wheat Specialist Romolu Lollato.
While a large percentage of the 2021 Kansas wheat crop has been planted, there may still be fields waiting to be planted. Different management adjustments can be made to compensate for late planting.
The sharp drop in temperatures across Kansas observed in this past week could have different consequences to the wheat crop. Parts of Kansas saw temps fall as low as 0 degrees F. Which fields were the most vulnerable?
The official start of winter is still over a month away, but Kansas has already experienced winter-like weather this fall. This article discusses some of the factors to consider when evaluating the outlook for winter survival of wheat.